Conflict of Interest Between Medical Committees that Determine Disability Rates and the organization Financing Them: A Comparative Study, July 2012

The study was conducted for a center that deals with realization of medical rights.
The purpose of this study is to examine the degree of conflict of interest between medical committees (which determine the percentage of medical disability), and the institutions responsible for the payment of social benefits. Also, the study explores the methods to minimize the risk of such a conflict.
The study focuses on nine countries with different social systems and examines the measures taken in these countries to reduce the inherent conflict of interest. The conflict may arise from the fact that the committee members that are responsible for determining entitlement to social benefits, are related to the organization that finances those benefits. The countries examined are: Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Spain, Belgium, Russia, the United States and Canada.
The research focuses on the organizational location and organizational subordination of the committees in relation to the funding body and the physical location of the committees. The parameters that the study have examined include the ability of the funding body to appoint and dismiss the members of the committee, the payment of salaries to the committee members, as well as the existence of internal rules or practices intended to prevent conflicts of interest.

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